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Volgens de literatuur die d.m.v. beoordelingslijsten hoog scoren op methodologische kwaliteit blijkt dat de Hawkins-Kennedy test een matige specificiteit heeft om subacromiaal impingement uit te sluiten. Van de acht artikelen, waaronder één systematic review met meta-analyse, scoren vijf artikelen en de review een specificiteit tussen de 0.5 en de 0.7. De twee artikelen met een afwijkende score maken gebruik van een andere referentie standaard, namelijk ultrasonografie ten opzichte van een arthroscopie.

Titel + Auteurs + Jaartal Soort artikel Methodologische kwaliteit Specificiteit
Hegedus, E.J., Goode, A., Campbell, S., Morin, A., Tamaddoni, M., Moorman, C.T., Cook, C. (2008). Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review with meta-analysis of individual tests. British journal of sports medicine, 42, 80-92.Systematic reviewAMSTAR 10/110.59
Kelly, S.M., Brittle, N., Allen, G.M. (2010). The value of physical test for subacromial impingement syndrome: a study of diagnostic accuracy. Clinical rehabilitation, 24 (2), 149-158.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 13/140.50
Bak, K., Sorensen, A.K., Jorgensen, U. Va. (2010). The value of clinical test in acute full-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon: Does a subacromial lidocaine injection help in the clinical diagnosis? A prospective study. Arthroscopy, 26 (6), 734-742.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 11/140.26
Fodor, D., Poanta, L., Felea, I., Rednic, S., Bolosiu, H. (2009). Shoulder impingement syndrome: correlations between clinical tests and ultrasonographic findings. Ortopedia traumatologia rehabilitacja, 11 (2), 120-126.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 11/140.89
Michener, L.A., Walsworth, M.K., Doukas, W.C., Murphy, K.P. (2009). Reliability and diagnostic accuracy of 5 physical examination tests and combination of tests for subacromial impingement. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 90, 1898-1903.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 11/140.62
Park, H.B., Yokota, A., Gill, H.S., EI Rassi, G., McFarland, E.G. (2005). Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests for the different degrees of subacromial impingement syndrome. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 87 (7), 1446-1455.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 10/14Overall:0.66
Stage I:0.45
Stage II:0.44
Stage III:0.48
Fowler, E.M., Horsley, I.G., Rolf, C.G. (2010). Clinical and arthroscopic findings in recreationally active patients. Sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation, therapy & technology, 15, 2:2.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 9/14Internal:0.66
Caliş, M., Akgün, K., Birtane, M., Karacan, I., Caliş, H., Tüzün F. (2000). Diagnostic values of clinical diagnostic tests in subacromial impingement syndrome. Annals of the rheumatic diseases, 59 (1), 44-47.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 9/14Overall:0.25
Stage I:0.31
Stage II:0.23
Stage III:0.36
Nakagawa, S., Yoneda, M., Hayashida, K., Obata, M., Fukushima, S., Miyazaki, Y. (2005). Forced shoulder abduction and elbow flexion test: a new simple clinical test to detect superior labral injury in the throwing shoulder, Arthroscopy: The Journal of arthroscopic and related surgery, 21 (11), 1290-1295.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 9/140.67
MacDonald, P.B., Clark, P., Sutherland, K. (2000). An analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of the Hawkins and Neer subacromial impingement signs. Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery, 9 (4), 299-301.Diagnostic accuracy studyQUADAS 7/14Bursitis:0.44
---Rotator Cuff:0.43
---Bursitis of RC:0.60

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